English: HPV (human papilloma virus) is a very common virus with hundreds of different varieties, and can, with bad luck, cause warts. Most types of HPV are harmless, but some HPV viruses can cause cell changes that, in rare cases, can lead to cervical cancer. Therefore, people with an uterus are offered pap tests in order to detect pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix. Read more about the HPV vaccine in our questions and answers column. Condoms and female condoms don’t provide an adequate protection against HPV since the virus is located in the genital area. The virus is easily transmitted if these areas come in contact with each other, although the risk is of transmission is smaller if you use a condom or a female condom.
Genital warts are a form of HPV that gives warts in the genital area. It’s a common STI and is easily transmitted during sex. The warts can itch and sting, but aren’t dangerous and they often heal by themselves. If they don’t disappear on their own, there’s treatment available. Contact us, a health care clinic or a Youth Guidance Centre for more information.
Source: 1177.se and umo.se
Reviewed by Mats Ericsson, infectious disease physician, Uppsala County Council.